Manumission of Henry Compton by slaveholder Miles Smith

Manumission Book page 350 Henry Compton.jpg
Manumission Book page 435 Henry Compton.jpg


Manumission of Henry Compton by slaveholder Miles Smith


Slaveholder Miles Smith manumitted a 22-year-old man named Henry Compton on 11/12/1821.

The Middlesex County Book of Manumissions and Removals contains two records related to Henry Compton’s manumission. The Certificate of Manumission was issued on 11/12/1821 by Middlesex County officials Ephraim Runyon, John Dayton, James Dunham, and Samuel Stelle. This certificate was recorded by the Middlesex County Clerk on page 350 on 12/15/1821. The Deed of Manumission was also issued by Miles Smith on 11/12/1821; but the Deed was not officially notarized or recorded until years later. The Deed was notarized by Littleton Kirkpatrick on 06/13/1825 and recorded by the County Clerk on page 435 on the same day in 1825.

You can learn more about Miles Smith and the people that he enslaved in our New Jersey Slavery Records database.






New Jersey Slavery Records database: 1821, Henry Compton, Manumission
New Jersey Slavery Records database: Henry Compton (b. 1799)
New Jersey Slavery Records database: Miles Smith

Date on Certificate of Manumission


Date on Deed of Manumission


Date received by County Clerk


Text (Transcript)

[page 350]

Henry Compton } Middlesex County to wit: We do hereby certify that on this twelfth day of November, in the year of our Lord one thousand and twenty one, Miles Smith of the Township of Piscataway in the County of Middlesex aforesaid brought before us, two of the Overseers of the poor of the Township aforesaid, and two of the Justices of the peace of the said County, his slave named Henry Compton who, on view and examination appears to us to be sound in mind, and not under any bodily incapacity of obtaining a support, and also is not under the age of twenty one years, nor above the age of forty years.—
In Witness whereof, we have hereunto set our hands, the day and year above written.—

Ephraim Runyon }
John Dayton } Overseers of the poor of the Township of Piscataway. —

James Dunham }
Samuel Stelle } Justices of the peace in & for the said County of Middlesex. —

Received December 15, 1821 & recorded
Deare Clk


[page 435]

Henry Compton
State of New Jersey }
Middlesex County } To all to whom these presents shall come Greeting: It is hereby made known that on this twelth day of November in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred & twenty one I Miles Smith have manumitted, liberated and set free my negro slave belonging to me, called Henry of the age of twenty two years or thereabouts, and I do hereby liberate manumit and set free the said negro slave and discharge him from all service or demand of service to be hereafter made either by me, or any person claiming by from or under me. — In Testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and seal the day and year abovesaid:

Sealed & delivered } Miles Smith [seal]
in presence of }
L. Kirkpatrick }
Miles C. Smith }

State of New Jersey Middlesex County ss: Be it remembered that on the thirteenth day of June eighteen hundred twenty five, before me L. Kirkpatrick Master in the High Court of Chancery of the State of New Jersey &c, personally appeared Miles Smith the within grantor, and did acknowledge the within instrument to be his voluntary act and deed, by him signed sealed and delivered for the purposes therein mentioned.
Littleton Kirkpatrick

Rec. June 13, 1825 & recorded by
Deare Clk


350 and 435


Special Collections and University Archives, Rutgers University Libraries

Archival collection

Middlesex County (N.J.). Records, 1688-1929 (MC 784.1)

Archival location

Manumission of Slaves, 1800-1825



Middlesex County Clerk, “Manumission of Henry Compton by slaveholder Miles Smith,” Scarlet and Black Digital Archive, Rutgers University, accessed May 22, 2024,